When the dust settles from the Cantor loss and the Graham win, we will have a much better idea of where things stand. While I don't think that immigration reform legislation is dead, I do think that it remains on life support. The Cantor defeat, however, may have started a cascade that results in S.744 coming up for a vote. Cantor's defeat almost certainly spells the end of Boehner's speakership. After the November election, if Boehner believes that passing S.744 is best for his party, notwithstanding some of the wingnuts in his caucus, all he has to do is schedule it for a vote. I feel pretty confident that the votes are there to pass it. The big IF in all of this is what does Boehner really believe? If he believes that passing S.744 is best for his party in the long run, he will likely bring it up for a vote. On the other hand, if he feels that forcing a vote on S.744 will harm his party, then he isn't going to do it. In that this is likely his last term as Speaker, he has the freedom to follow his conscience. Almost certainly, there will be no Congressional action on any kind of immigration reform before the August recess. If nothing is passed, the Obama administration will roll out an administrative amnesty in the form of a massive "deferred action" program. Irrespective of legislative or administrative amnesty, the proposed DHS regulations (including the H-4 employment authorization provision) will be promulgated as final regulations this fall. If we see S.744 brought up for a vote, it will have to be during the lame duck session following the November election.