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H.r.2131 Skills Visa Act Placed On House Union Calender

Discussion in 'Immigration legislation' started by Kamakazee, Dec 16, 2014.

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  1. Kamakazee

    Kamakazee Super Moderator

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    I created this thread to discuss this bill which supports legal immigration reform. Republicans have re-introduced it and this thread is to discuss pros-cons of this bill and to see what kind of support it has from the legal high skilled immigrant community. This bill eliminates the per country quota for EB category and makes a separate quota for Masters and PhD STEM graduates for US universities. That should further reduce the wait time for EB2/EB3 applicants. The main question is: Will it get enough Democratic votes to pass Congress and if it does, will the President sign it or veto it as it has nothing for the illegal immigrants. We can discuss it here.

    I got this info from the Oh Law website. Below are the details of the bill as posted on their website:

    This bill proposes the following, among others:
    • Increase employment-based immigrant cap numbers from 140,000 to 235,000
    • Elimination of 55,000 diversity visa program and use the numbers for those high skilled foreign workers with a medical degree, a dentistry degree, a veterinary degree, or an osteopathic medicine/osteopathy degree
    • Create new EB visa category of EB-7 using unused EB-1A priority worker visa numbers and part of eliminated diversity visa numbers leftover to those foreign workers with a master's degree in a STEM field from a U.S. doctoral institution of higher education or with all master's degree courses in a STEM field, including all courses taken by correspondence or by distance education while physically present in the United States or those with a baccalaureate degree in a STEM field.
    • Create another new EB visa category of EB 8-1 and EB 8-2: EB-8-1 for qualifying venture capital-backed start-up entrepreneurs and for self-sponsored start-up entrepreneurs and (2) EB-8-2 for E-1 treaty trader nonimmigrant status for 10 years or longer benefitting the economy of this country and creating at least 5 full-time U.S. workers for at least 10 years. Qualified entrepreneurs and family will receive conditional permanent resident status.
    • Make EB-5 regional center investor program permanent.
    • Eliminate the per-country limit for employment-based immigrants.
    • Increase the per-country limit for family-based immigrants.
    • Make Conrad J-1 waiver program permanent and increases the number of alien physicians that a state may be allocated from 30 to 35 per fiscal year, and provide up to three visa waivers per fiscal year per state for physicians in academic medical centers, extend dual intent to aliens coming to the United States to receive graduate medical education or training, or to take examinations required for such education or training, additional employment protections and contract requirements for alien physicians working in underserved areas, and excludes from numerical immigration limitations alien physicians who have completed national interest waiver requirements by working in a health care shortage area.
    • Increases the H-1B cap to 155,000 per fiscal year, and replace current master degree cap by STEM master or doctorate degree cap of 40,000 per year.
     
  2. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    The House is only technically remaining in session while they wait for the Senate to pass the CRomnibus bill. They have passed it, but they have to stick around in case there are any last minute changes on the Senate side. Once the Senate passes it, Congress will adjourn.
     
  3. s_gan

    s_gan Super Moderator

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    Even if they pass this bill as the first item in the next congress, it will get filibustered in the senate. Liberals cannot support any bill that kills the goose, which lays golden eggs.
     
  4. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    Getting it through the House will be the problem, not the Senate. If it passes the House, it will pass the Senate. I just don't see it ever being allowed to come up for a vote in the House.
     
  5. s_gan

    s_gan Super Moderator

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    This bill in its previous avatar passed in the house with a big majority but got killed by the dems in the se Nate in 2013.

    They can't digest the fact that diversity visas will get killed
     
  6. DonDraper

    DonDraper Guru

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    Magic ball rolls in 2015: Bill passes both House and Senate but Obama rejects it, cause it doesn't cover illegals. Politics in play.
     
  7. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    This bill was introduced in 2013 and has not advanced. I do not recall anything like this advancing beyond the House. There was that horrible abomination that IV tried to push through, but fortunately it died in the Senate.
     
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  8. Kamakazee

    Kamakazee Super Moderator

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    Presume you are talking about the H.R.3012. But it did pass with a huge majority in the House and the Senate never took it up for vote.

    I am sorry for my lack of knowledge on the 3012 but I do know that most people literally hated that bill. How much is 2131 different from 3012?
     
  9. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    No, HR3012 was nothing like this one. I am unaware of anything like it advancing through the House.

    BTW, the 113th Congress is now officially over. The new 114th Congress will convene on January 3rd.
     
  10. Kamakazee

    Kamakazee Super Moderator

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    Which means S.744 is officially dead too. So much for "comprehensive immigration reform". WH is still crying over it. They lost out on 12 million future votes. Back to the drawing board.
     
  11. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    Everything has to start over in the new Congress.
     
  12. s_gan

    s_gan Super Moderator

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    No. I am talking about HR 6429. This bill would have ended DV and would have reallocated those numbers to STEM Master's EB.

    This is the reason why I believe nothing would pass until 2016.

    When the H1B visas ran out in 2004. The administration and congress worked together and added 25,000 for STEM masters. They did not wait for the next Fiscal. However for the past 5- 6 years the tendency seems to be to only help undocumented.
     
  13. Kamakazee

    Kamakazee Super Moderator

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    They added 20k to the Masters and PhD grads from US universities and I am a direct beneficiary of that. However, Congress seems to quickly come together to fix stuff regarding H1B visas. When the backlog first started and H1Bs had to go back after 6 years waiting for a GC, they quickly came together and passed AC21. When graduates from this country were forced to go back due to unavailability of visas, they quickly provided a separate quota for them.

    All these added to the backlog but they do nothing as far as clearing it. It is simply not in their political interest. Add to that the Democrats political angle of holding legal immigration hostage until something is done for the illegals and we are in the current state now. The last 5-6 years has been the Obama administration and it is in their political interest to only help the undocumented.
     
  14. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    Unfortunately, there is a de facto unholy alliance between liberal Democrats who won't allow any legislation to pass without relief for illegals, and conservative Republicans, who just don't want to see any immigration at all. Between them, they can prevent anything from passing.
     
  15. s_gan

    s_gan Super Moderator

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    Sen. Cornyn was the first one to come up with Masters Quota in EB category. His bill cleared the senate and would have also passed in the house if it was not tagged wit the Bush's CIR
     
  16. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    Cornyn's SKILs Act was pure genius. It was perfect.
     
  17. s_gan

    s_gan Super Moderator

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    Agree, but the bitter truth is even the administration wants to kill any immigration bill that doesn't help illegals. Immigration is now seen through the prism of socialism and that is the reason why skilled immigrants are not preferred by liberal democrats and a liberal democratic leadership.
     
  18. Ron Gotcher

    Ron Gotcher Attorney at Law

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    To which I would add racism on the part of conservative Republicans.
     
  19. Rick D

    Rick D Active Member

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  20. ColumbusDude

    ColumbusDude Active Member

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    Thanks for the clarification Ron. There are a bunch of Republican Talibans on here who keep posting lies ALL the time!
     
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